The aims of the project consist in the contextual analysis of existing good practices at European level on the organizational methods of services in favor of non-EU immigrants to activate an effective intercultural dialogue with respect to European strategies for the social inclusion of immigrants.
The main specific objectives of the project are: carrying out a benchmarking research on the existing good practices on the promotion of intercultural dialogue and on the organization of services in favor of immigrants, the realization of informative seminars and the exchange of good practices, the identifying a common intervention model in relation to the European immigration integration strategy.
The planned actions and activities are exchanges of good practices, analysis of the methods of managing services in favor of immigrants and creation of a common model capable of activating social and cultural integration of immigrants.
The methodology chosen to carry out the actions / activities is diversified with the specific intervention objectives, with the final recipients and with the intervention to be carried out.
The outputs are reports on good practice, the description of the organizational model and the methods of delivery of specific services for immigrants. The results consist in the possibility of being able to implement the services in a homogeneous way, the expected impact is the transfer of organizational models on services and interculturality.
Context of the intervention and needs
The intervention context is Italian and European. As the European strategy for integration in favor of immigrants foresees, in these years each European State has adopted strategies and methods of intervention in favor of immigrants to guarantee adequate and functional services in their favor. The project intends to activate a detailed analysis on the Good Practices existing in Greece, in Turkey and in Germany on the integration of immigrants and to identify with the active participation of migrants a common model that favors the integration process in an effective way.
The European context is characterized by a reception legislation that is not yet ready. In recent years, various intervention strategies have been approved and applied to migrants but always in a logic of emergency and continuous assistance capable of offering a real future to the person who emigrates for different reasons. Refugees and asylum seekers, according to the data to 2016, were in Europe 1,259,955.
In the first six months of 2017, 327725 applications for international protection were presented, with a sharp decrease of 43.3% compared to the same period of the previous year. Over 75% of applicants for international protection are concentrated in Germany, Italy and France. The applications submitted by unaccompanied foreign minors to 2016 were 63290 with a decrease of 34.1% compared to 2015. As can be seen, the phenomenon of migratory invasion has decreased considerably. In 2017 and the early months of 2018, landings have fallen further. The phenomenon of migration cannot however diminish with international policies and agreements that block the mobility of people in general. The phenomenon of immigration brings with it many problems. But certainly the most significant is the integration process in the host countries.
At European level there is not a single procedure that defines an integration model. Each state in its sovereignty and in compliance with European recommendations and decisions applies its own model. There is the German model, the Italian one, now the Greek one. But there are also states that do not manage the migration process with European standards as is the Turkish one. The diversified methods of integration define a diversified panorama of effects on the local context with the increase also of conflictual phenomena towards migrants. However, these generalizations allow us to start a reflection on which integrative model it is possible to reason to obtain probable results at European level. The knowledge of the individual models is a first step to identify the application differences and fill them with rules and procedures that approach a common standard.
Another problem is the concrete difficulty in integrating the different cultures that migrants carry from their contexts of origin with respect to those of arrival. The immigrant tends to be almost always ghettoised. It is not clear, however, as has always been the case in migration stories, that immigrants represent a general added value with respect to the contexts of arrival. They can safely, as demonstrated by various economists and also by the INPS (Italian Istituto Nazionale della Previdenza Sociale), strengthen the local economic system. This makes us understand that it is not the segregation or removal from the communities that the immigrant phenomenon can be solved. There is a need to activate intercultural policies based on dialogue and listening to diversity in order to make the many immigrants in Europe become citizens.
Only through dialogue is it possible to create a multi-ethnic society. The two main problems to which the project tends to give answers with actions of analysis and experimentation are those of the specific modalities of the process of reception and integration towards migrants and of the modalities of realization of a multiethnic society based on dialogue and on the listening to the communities present in the contexts of arrival. The project therefore wants to identify solutions that can promote a first confrontation on the “positivity” for the States and for the European Communities of the cultural, economic and social added value of which the many migrants arrived, in recent years, in Europe.